Презентация на тему «Корейская музыка»
Внеклассная работа: английский язык
The Korean music
This project is intended for students, teachers, and just for those who are interested in the history of Korean music, its distinctive features from the music of other countries, and its practical application then and now. Teachers can use our work in English lessons and after school. In the process of studying this topic, we and our classmates will be able to broaden our horizons and learn a lot about Korean music. What is unusual in Korean music? Why it’s loved by millions of people around the world? Why is it so attractive for both young and older generation? For these questions we will try to find an answer in the course of our work on the project.
The goal of this project — learn why is the Korean music so popular? What is its importance in the world culture?
Tasks in the project much larger:
— to get acquainted with the peculiarities of the Korean music.
— to know what are the differences of South Korean music from North Korean.
— to see how varied the Korean music over time, but what it showed and what is left on the back burner.
— we need to find out what lives Korean music industry today.
What is Korean music?
Music of Korea is a traditional musical art of the Korean people, which includes folk, vocal and ritual musical styles belonging to the Korean nation. Korean music and Korean art, painting and sculpture, has existed since prehistoric times. Korean music in the middle ages had a strong influence musical culture of the Far East countries, China and Japan. For the latest period is characterized by active engagement with the European musical culture.
Still in Korea, there are two differing from other musical cultures: traditional music — kugach and Western music— janák.
Korean folk music
Korean folk music is diverse and complex, but all of its forms contain a set of rhythms, called Chandan, and broadly define the set of melodic keys. Folk songs namdo, unlike songs of other regions, very rich and dramatic and famous in this genre, as pansori and-young, whose birthplace of the region too.
Pansori is a genre of music in which one participates the singer or the singer and one drummer. This traditional art form, sometimes called the “Korean Opera”, the narrator performs all the roles of the heroes of the story to the accompaniment of a drummer.
Pungmul — Korean folk music tradition, which is a form of percussion music that includes drumming, dancing and singing. Most performances are outdoors, involving dozens of performers, are in constant motion.
Sanjo completely instrumental music, which increases the rhythm and melodic tone during execution.
Chonak literally translates as “right music”, and the tradition of the genre includes both instrumental and vocal music, which was cultivated by higher layers chosonsky society.
Nanak translated as “village music” and is a major musical genre rural Korea, which was created by the peasants. “Village Music” is usually performed outdoors in the countryside.
Sinavi in a broad sense is a shamanic music of Korea, which is executed during the Korean shamanic ritual dances to appease the deities.
Sulphury — dance for the purification of the soul and literally means “to wash away evil spirits.” Modern movement salpury symbolize human hopes and aspirations.
Music of the Republic of Korea
Music of South Korea has developed over the decades since the end of the Korean War. The basis of it is the music of the Korean people, who inhabited the peninsula for thousands of years. The history of music of the Republic of Korea can be divided into three periods: ancient, medieval and modern. The first period dates from the era of tribal States that existed before the Foundation of Korea. With the strengthening of the Royal power, the emergence of the three kingdoms led to the establishment of the Royal musical institutions to support the cultural life of the Royal and aristocratic families, and the court musicians and dancers, specializing in songs, dances and instrumental music that are supported by these institutions. There are still Buddhist and shamanic dance, shamanic percussion music, and melodic dance music, which is called sinawi.
Here are the trends of Western musical culture, which developed in South Korea:
Trot — a musical genre, is considered as the oldest form of Korean pop music. Formed in the early 1900s, during the colonization of Korea by Japan. The popularity of trot has decreased in the period 1980-1990-ies, now the genre is experiencing a revival.
Rock music has penetrated into Korea with the us military during the Korean war. Shin Jung Hyun, often referred to as “the Godfather of Korean rock”, invented his own style of psychedelic rock in the 60s and 70s, and also wrote songs and played for albums of popular artists.
Thon guitar is a form of Korean folk and folk-rock music, followed in the ’ 60s and 70-ies. The direction is heavily influenced by American folk music and the representatives of the genre was considered to be the Korean version of the American folk singers such as Joan Baez and Bob Dylan.
In the largest cities of South Korea such as Seoul, Busan and Daegu, hip hop has become a cultural phenomenon. The growing popularity of the movement since the mid 90-ies. Online shopping is actively contribute to the promotion of a new culture. July 15, 2012, the South Korean musician Psy released the hit “Gangnam Style”. The clip hit the “Guinness Book of records” as the video entry with the highest number of “likes” in the history of YouTube, and became the leader by number of views.
In the DPRK culture, including music, is under strict state control. Reuters claims that listening to Korean music is regarded as a crime. Foreign music is concentrated in one genre, which the government of the DPRK calls jazz.
Music in the DPRK follows the principles of the Juche idea (self-reliance). The main characteristics of this music is good reasoning compositions, and the images and the lyrics are extremely socialist content. Some religious and folk (before the formation of the DPRK) musical compositions still exist in the DPRK.
A musical genre that emerged in South Korea and has incorporated elements of Western electropop, hip-hop, dance music and contemporary rhythm-and-Blues. Appearing initially as a musical genre, K-pop has grown into a large-scale musical subculture with millions of fans among young people worldwide.
K-pop is not just the music, he developed into popular among the youth subculture around the world, driven by interest in contemporary South Korean fashion and styles. Thanks to the Internet and availability of digital content for K-pop reaches a wide audience, the previously unthinkable. The pop culture of South Korea is today one of the driving factors of youth culture in the Asia-Pacific region, with a particular focus on China, Hong Kong, Japan, Taiwan and South-East Asia.
The BBC describes the Korean pop group Super Junior and Wonder Girls as “excellently produced group of sweet boys and girls with flexible dances and catchy melodies”. The clips in this genre always extremely colorful and maintain the catchy rhythms of the songs, and the vocals are varied, with strong influences from hip-hop. All this is highlighted by the way the musicians for ceremony, theatrical performances, concerts. Dances are an integral part of K-pop, during the execution of singers often synchronize dance with singing, making the presentation more eye-catching and passing this on Western boy bands of the 1990s.
Organisation and management
Most bands of this genre are in control units of the executive music. In order to guarantee success, these companies try to fully subsidize and control professional life and career of the future by spending about $ 400,000 on the preparation and launch of the young performer. According to the newspaper The Wall Street Journal, SM Entertainment,YG Entertainment, JYP Entertainment and CUBE Entertainment and other South Korean production companies developed a process of training young singers to participate in the music business. In most cases, future idols included in the “system” at the age of 9-10 years and live together in the house, obeying strict rules. They attend school during the day and studying singing and dancing in the evenings.
“Visiting a lot of different concerts, I was amazed by Korean pop music. Staging, choreography and performance were amazing, but more importantly, I felt the soul of music. Korean music has a bright future ahead…” — Quincy Jones ( an interview , the Korean magazine.)
While in Korea, the term K-pop can refer to almost any destination of Korean pop music, outside the country, under the K-pop business » means music played by the so-called idol. They mainly consist of several gay performers, whose repertoire includes songs inspired hip-hop, dance and electronic music. Examples of popular idol groups:
Type the first “Sasaeng fan”
Sasaeng Korean neologism, meaning fans of K-pop musicians, especially fanatically loving their idols and capable in a number of cases on violation of the law “for their sake.” Korean officials acknowledged the uniqueness of the problem and expressed concern about it. Although this term may also be called simply a very strong passion for some performers, aggression and attempts to closely track the life of an idol is considered the distinctive features of Sasan. Susan is negatively perceived by artists K-pop, for example, the case when the singer Kim Cajun from JYJ hit Susan-fan, accusing her of invading privacy, and then sued her for illegal recording his conversations.
Causes and lifestyle
Usually this is because in real life, fans have few opportunities to live chat with the musician, or just to see him out of the scene, in most cases because of managers, security or the abundance of other fans. Initially, fans were limited to the opportunity to exchange a few words with the idol, giving him a gift, but it faded quickly because of the wide attempts to abuse. Some canadian edition, describing the concerts of Korean artists in Washington, drew Parallels with Susan and noted that “young girls jumped nervously with phones configured with the maximum focus, screaming and calling performers as hell the gods. All this created a feverish atmosphere, saturated with hormones”.
The damage to the health
Describing first the band B2ST in Berlin, the German media drew attention to the fact that many fans, despite the freezing weather, slept on the street to see the idols, and one fan, shivering, admitted that they were waiting for the show “a whole year”.
During the tour, Super Junior in Singapore, about eight cars Sasan fans tried to follow the car with the guys. The representative of the group told fans that “the singers began pretty nervous when these cars were coming toward us. But in the end, one of the cars fans crashed into another car, and it caused an accident with others”.
This is not the first case when the fans trying to chase idols in their cars, get into heavy traffic accidents to speeding.
Type the second “Fanyuchka”
Fanyuchka — pseudofan who is particularly heightened with attraction to a particular object (the idol) not because it is, for example ,vocal or dance ability ,but for the divine beauty(face, body).The meaning of life is the fanatical worship of the idol. The purpose of life- “to marry her honey.” The object of desire can be a famous person or group. Unwillingness to share his idol with others-the main difference between the possessed Fanucci from normal sane fan.
As a result of working on the project we managed to find all the individuality, tradition and flavor of Korean music, find out what are the differences Korean music, to identify the features of the musical culture of Korea.
Comparing traditional and “Western” musical structure we have found all the best aspects of Korean music that attract both young and older generations around the globe.
We have identified what is the musical industry of Korea today. And now, we can proudly say that “Korean music wave” of great importance to world music, as something new, fresh, alive.
Автор: Силютина Екатерина Игоревна
Должность: учитель английского языка
Место работы: МБОУ СШ №8
Месторасположение: г. Ярцево Смоленская область